Bono’s philanthropy and human rights work goes back at least to 1986, when he helped organize Amnesty International’s Conspiracy Of Hope tour alongside Sting, Peter Gabriel, Lou Reed, and Bryan Adams. He was a prime mover in Band Aid, Live Aid and in 2005, Live 8.

He got his start on Africa in Steve Van Zandt’s Artists Against Apartheid, and owing to his extensive contribution to the continent’s future is known as a good friend to both Nelson Mandela and Archbishop Desmond Tutu. Bono has been a leader in the fight against poverty, and has helped to create the ONE Campaign, DATA, (RED) and EDUN, a clothing company which aims to stimulate trade with poverty stricken countries.

Bono interviewed Mikhail Gorbachev for our What’s so hard about Peace? series, and was the 2008 Man of Peace at the annual Summit of Nobel Peace Laureates.