2002 Nobel Peace Prize — Jimmy Carter, US President, International Peace Builder

Jimmy Carter was the 39th president of the United States (1977-81). Today he is widely considered one of the greatest ex-presidents in American history.

On March 26, 1979, in a ceremony in Washington, Egypt and Israel formally sign a peace treaty ending 31 years of war between them, one of the highlights of Carter’s presidency.

Carter founded the Carter Center in 1982 to promote human rights and alleviate suffering across the globe. Through the foundation he has worked to develop community-based health care systems in Africa and Latin America, to oversee elections in fledgling democracies and to promote peace in the Middle East. The Carter Center has observed 100 elections in 38 countries.

A key accomplishment of the Carter Center is the near eradication of Guinea worm disease, from more than three million cases in 1986 to fewer than 200 today.

In 2002, Jimmy Carter received the Nobel Peace Prize “for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development.”