In his time Liu Xiaobo has been a political activist, author, university professor and an annoyance to the Chinese Communist Party.

He has now been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, despite fierce opposition from the Chinese government.

Outside the country of his birth, he is known as one of China’s leading dissidents, winning awards and the attention of the world’s media.

But few people inside China have heard his name, and he has repeatedly faced imprisonment and surveillance from the Chinese government.

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