Al Gore, Jr. is an American environmental activist, author, businessperson, former politician and former journalist. He served as the forty-fifth Vice President of the United States from 1993 to 2001 under President Bill Clinton. Gore was the Democratic nominee for president in the 2000 presidential election. He won the popular vote by approximately 500,000, but ultimately lost the electoral vote to Republican candidate George W. Bush.
Mr. Gore is also the author of An Inconvenient Truth, a best-selling book on the threat of and solutions to global warming, and the subject of the movie of the same title, which has already become one of the top documentary films in history. In 2007, An Inconvenient Truth was awarded two Academy Awards for Best Documentary Feature and Best Original Song. It was this call to action on global climate change that was the focus of Mr. Gore’s Nobel Peace Prize.
He is currently the founder and chair of Alliance for Climate Protection, the co-founder and chair of Generation Investment Management, the co-founder and chair of Current TV, a member of the Board of Directors of Apple Inc., and a senior advisor to Google.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is a scientific body tasked to evaluate the risk of climate change caused by human activity. The panel was established in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).